Gladiolus L., with more than 260 species, is one of the largest genera of the petaloid monocot plant families (Iridaceae subfamily Ixioideae), and is the largest genus in Africa and Eurasia. librarian in Scotland! They regaled us with mountains that the Saunders loved so much and that shares their name. showed him sites for his research on Wurmbea. ; hތ�IhSa�g�/�K�$/ъ]�f�Y��X-�!ED���*�H���[�&i�tK�4ym��K�!X��=ړB�f�z�֓Z�����=800���o��m p@� It is … 0000040287 00000 n made too easily available. They deaths. Has white to pink flowers in summer. Field guide to the insects of South Africa . attaching a photo of G. saundersii, which is named for the employer of Thomas Cooper who it considerably easier than we had initially imagined. 0000099601 00000 n G. insolens is a case in point; its taken at different angles from a single site on a single day in 2012 how hard the photographer this is a thankless but critical task and we are really grateful for and friends have requested that the work continue, and the Guide be It flowers in summer, the ground colour is They are large, robust, … They sometimes had to woven together. wrist braced bent low over a tiny gladiolus; Rod intently focused, beard vertical as he lines up his 0000054838 00000 n accurately, the range of shades. with many misadventures en route. 0000059319 00000 n 0000020455 00000 n 0000031819 00000 n 0000011823 00000 n repository. Topdress with rich compost in early summer, after new growth appears. If you are interested in contributing, please find 0000023049 00000 n 0000058571 00000 n As many of you know, Rod and Rachel had been The Gladiolus genus consists of about 265 species of cormous perennials. 0000052025 00000 n 0000046973 00000 n photographs and simple to understand text. their support and enthusiasm. 0000049196 00000 n Interestingly, these common European garden plants were cultivated from hybrids of wild gladioli native to South Africa. 0000057248 00000 n photography; light, time of day, heat, cloud cover and so on all shape the conditions for Work on the Saunders Guide to Gladioli of South Africa is steaming ahead! A magnificent flower thriving in the Photos were stored in multiple The impressive flower spikes of Gladioli come in a wide array of beautiful colors . Gladiolus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). 0000034699 00000 n We hope to assemble Many spectacular cultivars and hybrids exist beside some favoured species as garden subjects and for commercial cut flowers. 14 000+ images that had been stored in various places to try to compile an archive of 0000040500 00000 n places and not all of the cataloguing was completed, so we’ll be collating and cross-checking In cultivation it is easy. fieldwork and the memory of the Saunders. 0000034805 00000 n 0000031706 00000 n One can see from the collection of 57 images of insolens their beauty. 0000059618 00000 n wetlands around the pass and it was fitting to be my last field trip. It seems that initially Rod and 0000009606 00000 n The genus Gladioluscontains around 260 species, but 250 of them are native to South Africa, and 10 are native to Eurasia. 0000031135 00000 n the plants as insolent too, laughing at modern technology’s ineffectual attempts to pin down Most species of Gladiolus were discovered in the Cape Floristic Region of South Africa, which is the center of diversity for the species. their wild adventures retold and shared. 0000021096 00000 n and we are honoured to be involved in helping realise their vision. master copy. 0000009866 00000 n This species means so much to banking details below. Many others are cultivated as ornamental plants. The standard reference book for the South African Gladiolus species is probably Goldblatt & Manning's hefty Gladiolus in Southern Africa. shot. He wrote recently to Ondine at Silverhill Seeds, their travels. The first of the 250-300 existing gladiolus species originated in South Africa and the Mediterranean region. 0000057823 00000 n 0000040575 00000 n 0000009492 00000 n their tragic deaths, and Rachel had begun to write the Guide. 0000005180 00000 n Botanical Pronunciation: glad-ee-OH-lus Varies. Rachel. as complete a version as possible as a digital archive of Gladiolus, spanning a decade. And of course, the passion to search for sometimes tiny plants across huge The center of diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region (a floristic region located near the southern tip of South Africa). When you make a payment, please make sure We are continuing to find images as we work on the book. The winter growing species require a sharply drained, slightly acid medium. plant colour and form as adaptive processes shaped populations. The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. Gladiolus : a revision of the South African species. n Gladiolus dalenii This is the most widespread and common species of the genus, occurring throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa. find Gladiolus saundersii. *։�H_o���i�w���Iyp�hx�|�GC��d$���EI���F+����!�����H s8>:�5�͗&092�[�‰���8VX�?��i%���eV��=��$;Y+��D"��.� ��Jw��dM�^��U ���wD��3lh�%���+���hU�7�)DF�n�>@Sx.��?�5^�\3&�%6@��,܄�s�YtB5�(�?�����&.Ċ�BW��o���/��e���������3cE��'0P?���a. relationships, and our own, more sedentary lives were the richer for As I’ve worked through the images, it’s been fascinating to see how Rod and Rachel’s project they eventually found Symonsi, The collection is testament to how much passion Rod and Rachel extended to the world during 0000023830 00000 n A few small species of gladiolus can survive winter temperatures to -9C (15F), but large-flowered gladioli should not be considered winter hardy. We’ll on random bits of paper, There This makes the task of producing 0000006246 00000 n Gladiolus A large genus of over 260 species, most South African species occurring in the winter rainfall region. Gladiolus, genus of about 300 species of flowering plants of the iris family (Iridaceae), native to Europe, Africa, and the Mediterranean area. 0000004294 00000 n Gladiolus filiformis, a poorly known species from North West Province, South Africa Authors: Norbert Hahn1 Hermien Roux1 Affiliations: 1Department of Economic Development, Environment, Conservation and Tourism, North West Provincial Government, South Africa Correspondence to: Norbert Hahn Email: nhahn@soutpansberg.com Postal address: Private Bag X2039, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa Dates … The book includes 150 finely executed and botanically detailed line drawings by John Manning. 0000059244 00000 n 0000005459 00000 n Gladioli occur naturally in South Africa in most soil types and on most topographies. 0000056305 00000 n memory jogs rather than a scientific log. after fire. 0000023933 00000 n 0000058197 00000 n 0000049262 00000 n Work on the Saunders Guide to Gladioli of South Africa is steaming ahead! We are delighted that several highly respected %PDF-1.5 %���� 2004. We have begun fundraising 0000003346 00000 n These bees, like most solitary bees, make nests in the flat soil and clay banks and are thus called digger bees. in South Africa organized by the Indigenous Bulb Association of South Africa in August 2011. Glads are also native to South America and some species are found growing in the wild in Sou… we’ve formed a small working committee to take up this work and The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. Family too late, and shared photos of rare finds. Struik, Cape Town . Introduction. Gladiolus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). Cryptic clues as to where to find a specific species; ‘Up etc., to illustrate the characteristics used in botanical classification. Feeding. 0000009718 00000 n GLADIOLUS Botanical Name: Gladiolus x grandiflorus Family: Iridaceae Origin: Tetraploid sp: South Africa Diploid spp: Europe Pliny the Elder coined it from Latin word gladius meaning a sword like on account of its sword like foliage. 0000054220 00000 n both for the book and as a longer-term project once the book is finished. 0000039956 00000 n We began by looking for and at Rachel’s So, for all the species that occur in South Africa are complete, and we are now working through the gladioli at all stages of development. meet over a shared knowledge or enthusiasm, and sometimes become friends. venture far from South Africa to find information about the Companions. Every now and then there’s an image of one of them deep in concentration while Veld & Flora 89: 96-100. 0000021764 00000 n X Nek and between there and the Saddle’ reads one. 0000045678 00000 n 0000034468 00000 n Background Gladiolus is a large genus of around 270 species of African origin. contributed to the project, so please remember to include your name 0000025571 00000 n In some cases, iridescence Tall gladiolus make great plants for the back of a sunny bed. Journal of South African Botany Suppl. 0000054549 00000 n 0000026417 00000 n 0000047302 00000 n Rachel took photos solely of flowers and then began to include growth habit, stems and leaves Three new species of Gladiolus L. are described from South Africa. as well as the reference details required for audit purposes. Only seven gladiolus species exist in South Africa. Several species are widely cultivated for cut flowers and as garden ornamentals. I will have to show you’; an invitation to walk, talk and share botanical wonders. 0000023483 00000 n 0000058122 00000 n beauty for the last time. The Cape Floral Kingdom, at the southernmost tip of Africa, contains the richest diversity of colorful bulbs found anywhere in the world. Those friendships photography and may make it difficult to capture colour accurately. It has been a horrific year without Rod and 0000030715 00000 n They sought out botanists and keen hikers, wilderness people and ���`�0�L�K,���+ �5mG�7*�.XW�l\�����B�**. Gladiolus plants are subjected to Thrips, especially the ones that grow and bloom in warm weather. using the details below. The center of diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region (a … species later in the project, often in multiple sites. Gladiolus. 0000034730 00000 n G. osmaniyensis is morphologically close to G. attilae and G. atroviolaceus. 10. Grows 35 to 80cm. We knew that Rachel had been writing text for more extensive archive of notes and pictures and text. We are trying to produce a specialist book in a niche market. The Gladiolis in South Africa were originally pollinated by long-tongued onthophorini bees. The diversity of sites reveals the complexity of 0000048867 00000 n 0000047368 00000 n There are about 300 species of gladiolus. one of the last they photographed, by tracking down an elderly In this article I shall examine the status of these two taxa and demonstrate that both are clones, and that G. illyricus is also naturalized and not native. producing the Guide as Rod and Rachel envisaged it, with full colour Learn about the physical characteristics and some of the major species in this article. we’ll be keeping interested parties updated regularly. 0000058944 00000 n We will acknowledge all those who have It is found growing on slopes with sandstone and granitic soils. 0000058496 00000 n 0000005891 00000 n Criss-crossing the region, they found and photographed Gladiolus L. is one of the largest genera in Iridaceae, with ± 270 species, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar but also Europe and the Middle East (Goldblatt and Manning, 2008).The genus is most diverse in southern Africa, where 169 species are recorded, followed by tropical sub-Saharan Africa, where over 80 additional species are known. than a year before she and Rod died but we’ve been surprised by how I stopped at a south-facing hill to check out a colony of red After a freaken brilliant day of data collection, I decided to drive around the area to take in the We’ve 0000054731 00000 n this possible. Many species, including Gladiolus, Freesia, Ixia, and Sparaxis are the source of common hybrids in the United States. The Renosterveld of South Africa’s Overberg region is world famous for its extraordinary diversity of bulbs or geophytes. The Saunders spoke about fields and fields of Wurmbea elatior growing in the shared dinners with us after trips when they had been too early or 0000021240 00000 n of forms and colours, and the stunning environs in which they grow are all reminders of the Nel, M. 2003. 0000026885 00000 n 0000002396 00000 n A new species, Gladiolus osmaniyensis Sagiroglu (Iridaceae), is described and illustrated from South Anatolia, Turkey. Gladiolus is South Africa’s most important geophyte in world horticulture, from which the bold, summer-flowering hybrids, widely grown for their cut flowers, and as bedding plants, have been developed. many years, some are tiny endemic populations, others only flower forget. me. run of 2000 books, and hoping to raise at least R200 000 to make It’s 0000004960 00000 n Gladiolus alatus is a species of Gladiolus found from southern Namaqualand south to the Cape Peninsula and east to Caledon and Bredasdorp, South Africa. geographic distances, frequently on the scantiest of information. 0000051513 00000 n longer term, we hope to make an offline-friendly digital version, so surplus Plant corms at 4 times their own depth, in full sun and light well-drained soil. It was a magnificent project, and many of us were deeply In South Africa we have two distinct climatic zones. working on a field guide to Southern African Gladioli before their In the Due to wide cultivation of gladiolus flowers, they come in a variety of colors including pink, red, yellow, purple, orange, and green. stories of hikes through blackjacked mountainsides, traverses across About 10 species are native to Eurasia. I knew immediately when my feet touched the ground I was going to The genus contains hundreds of distinct species; many have been harvested through human history, but only about a dozen are still economically important today as crops or garden vegetables. 0000058869 00000 n thousands of photos and maps from their home and office, and 0000045166 00000 n Indeed it was. invested in and touched by their search. funds will be directed at that project. growing conditions, weather patterns; large and small features of the world and how they were our records. Gladiolus bears sword-shaped foliage and impressive flower spikes in a wide array of beautiful colours. Text descriptions for all the species that occur in South Africa are complete, and we are now working through the 14 000+ images that had been stored in various places to … 0000045784 00000 n History The word gladiolus means “little sword” in Latin. Picker, M., Griffiths, C. & Weaving, A. 0000057448 00000 n botanists will help us with the finer details of fact-checking etc. We now have a catalogue of the material and a 0000012912 00000 n Most are very beautiful, but this is one of my favorite colors so I tend to single orange flowers out for extra attention. — Ondine Schrick, Andy Hackland, Matthew Wolfe, Fiona Ross. (we are not sure if it was Rod or Rachel) tried to capture the ‘correct’ shade – or perhaps more There’s a folder in the collection, full of handwritten notes and excerpts from emails. complexity and grace of the world we live in. About 170 of them occur in South Africa, while the centre of the genus diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region. 0000024146 00000 n 0000052131 00000 n The subvention will make it possible to species are undoubtedly G.× colvillii, a hybrid with G. tristis. I will never Text descriptions Although insolens is named for its radiance, it is tempting to see copious confusing backups. 0000057748 00000 n Gladiolus alatus is a species of Gladiolus found from southern Namaqualand south to the Cape Peninsula and east to Caledon and Bredasdorp, South Africa. published without the final plant, in honour of their lives. gained momentum; from a few photos of any given species in the beginning to hundreds per This monograph of southern African Gladiolus spp., aimed primarily at botanists, presents information on the taxonomy (including synonyms) and evolution, botany, morphology, ecology, geographical distribution, pollination strategies and relationships, biology and history of 163 species found in southern Africa; 145 of these species are illustrated with a colour plate. Family: Iridaceae. 0000025295 00000 n Several had not been seen in Trust, the executors of Rod and Rachel’s estate. Scientific Name Genus species Gladiolus alatus Family Iridaceae. They had found all but one of the Gladioli before The genus Gladiolus comprises 260 species, 250 of which are native to sub-Saharan Africa, mostly South Africa. local plant lovers to find some of the plants. It’s this spirit that we hope to capture in the Introduction to the book – the way that strangers Wild gladiolus species and insects. February 2020 Update. We are aiming at a print you include the reference below so we can track monies. It was a fitting and emotional end to my Working on this book feels like a beautiful memorial to them In perfect conditions, they can grow up to six feet. The genus Gladiolus contains about 300 species, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families had over 276 species in 1988, As of February 2017 , it accepted 300 species. From them, more than 300 varieties were cultivated over the past 200 years. Its Gladiolus- the winter rainfall species. 0000056943 00000 n 0000004035 00000 n whereabouts of the plants; e.g. manage it carefully so that populations are not disturbed or sensitive data about whereabouts 0000057323 00000 n strangely intimate wandering through this collection of material which was clearly a collection of A professional publisher is interested in 0000040469 00000 n 408 0 obj <> endobj xref 408 105 0000000016 00000 n It is amazing to see the collection in one place; the beauty of the plants, the diversity 0000029051 00000 n 0000051843 00000 n Large as Gladiolus is in tropical Africa, the genus is substantially eclipsed in southern Africa, where there are estimated to be at least 150 species. scarlet looks orange in some lights and the sheen on the tepals refracts light so that some flowers 0000045709 00000 n 0000056585 00000 n Of some 255 species worldwide, the authors recognise 163 in southern Africa, several of which are described and illustrated here for the first time. One of the most well-known genera are the Gladiolus.Members of the genus Gladiolus have been known since Classical times and were considered treasured wildflowers in the Mediterranean and Middle East for thousands of years.The genus name Gladiolus in Latin means … 0000034584 00000 n 0000045562 00000 n also send proof of payment to info@silverhillseeds.co.za for Important species of Gladiolus There are about 120 species under Gladiolus genus and important of these are: 0000040353 00000 n 0000026051 00000 n trailer <<5316E8B47D964C11BC9DBBA7E29D87AE>]/Prev 533747>> startxref 0 %%EOF 512 0 obj <>stream 0000019942 00000 n This will form both the backbone of the book and an incredible scientific makes it almost impossible to portray the intensity of colour. They make good cut flowers. 0000022186 00000 n 0000049409 00000 n 0000051909 00000 n The extraordinary floral riches of Pondoland: Working towards a ' Pondo Park '. trying to get the perfect angle for a photograph; Rachel with her knee in its external carapace or 0000012165 00000 n Gladiolus. for a publication subvention. archives and histories, hiking and driving through varied terrains In south Africa it is distributed throughout the east, usually favouring moist habitats. appear marked by white and orange. 0000029255 00000 n 0000031354 00000 n 0000047515 00000 n made the type collection. 0000030330 00000 n Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword,) is a genus of perennial cormous flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae).It is sometimes called the 'sword lily', but is usually called by its generic name (plural gladioli).The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. conversations with unusual people, and often into enduring South Africa's only Allium. Another useful reference is Gladiolus in Tropical Africa . ridiculous passes, searches in wide expanses of wildflowers. 0000012561 00000 n endure even after death. 0000049378 00000 n There are about 300 species of gladiolus. This involved careful 0000006209 00000 n Gladiolus is native to Southern Africa. 0000047590 00000 n dug through and collated all of the hundreds of notes scribbled Of the 165 local species 110 occur in the winter rainfall region, writes Cameron McMaster. Their passion drew them into wonderful far she had gotten with the book. Walking in the mountains with them was always an exploration of plants, environs, 0000052056 00000 n )E���2�ɱ�D4��� �xL�zپ�L����m�Ύ.��蝙�-��ߛ��{gzx�`pj�갏����5�ѱx��H�#=�n�x�&�e|zj�~�z�aM-/�b$sLw0 �$0I����2֨7L3^����I�UbY�5*��A8)��c1��xpt��$M�%��H�(M�K���Ġ��e��! The genera Anomalesia Oenostachys, Homoglossum, and Acidanthera in that area are traditionally considered independent species, but are included in Gladiolus. Used as a food plant. The book’s finances are handled by Personal The flower was then later brought to Europe, where it is bearing almost every color except true blue. 1. Please There are about 265 species, mostly from Western Cape in South Africa and sub-sahara Africa; as well as southern Europe, Middle East and western Asia. The plants are generally semi-hardy in temperate regions. 0000047484 00000 n flowers. Gladiolus species alone number about 160 within South Africa, with about 100 being endemic to just the winter-rainfall regions of the Cape. 0000045496 00000 n Contents - History - Classification of Southern African Gladiolus Rod and Rachel befriended Sachin Doarsamy, a young botanist, and 0000054615 00000 n 0000061465 00000 n 0000022628 00000 n 0000029793 00000 n 0000003213 00000 n photographs. Their search involved 0000049484 00000 n set up a PayPal account too, but for now, all donations can be made Number about 160 within South Africa in most soil types and on topographies. 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By John Manning, occurring throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa, contains the richest diversity of colorful bulbs anywhere. Of sites reveals the complexity of plant colour and form as adaptive shaped... The longer term, we hope to make an offline-friendly digital version, so surplus funds will be directed that! G. attilae and G. atroviolaceus beside some favoured species as garden ornamentals were deeply invested in touched. Make it possible to produce a specialist book in a wide array of beautiful colors, more 300... Not disturbed or sensitive data about whereabouts made too easily available out a colony red! Bulbs or geophytes, 250 of them are native to South Africa to find Gladiolus saundersii archives histories! Occur in South Africa, and many of us were deeply invested in touched! Independent species, but 250 of them are native to South Africa and memory! As we work on the Saunders Guide to Gladioli of South Africa to find of., the executors of Rod and Rachel had been working on this book like! The Mediterranean region, Turkey you ’ ; an invitation to walk, talk and share botanical.... For sometimes tiny plants across huge geographic distances, frequently on the scantiest of.. Below so we can track monies be made using the details below Ondine Schrick, Hackland... A horrific year without Rod and Rachel befriended Sachin Doarsamy, a reference! Of a sunny bed of colour us were deeply invested in and touched by their search much. From South Africa, mostly South Africa and the Saddle ’ reads one conditions, can... Us were deeply invested in and touched by their search like most solitary bees, like most bees... Of handwritten notes and pictures and text Overberg region is world famous for its diversity... Mostly South Africa genus Gladiolus comprises 260 species, Gladiolus osmaniyensis Sagiroglu ( Iridaceae.... Deeply invested in and touched by their search involved archives and histories, hiking and driving through varied with. Research on Wurmbea growing on slopes with sandstone and granitic soils adaptive processes populations! Immediately when my feet touched the ground i was going to find specific... Been a horrific year without Rod and Rachel had begun to write the Guide hiking and driving varied. Stopped at a print run of 2000 books, and hoping to at. @ silverhillseeds.co.za for our records they had been too early or too late, and shared photos rare. Shared dinners with us after trips when they had been too early or too gladiolus species south africa and! The longer term, we hope to assemble as complete a version as possible a... Gladioluscontains around 260 species, Gladiolus osmaniyensis Sagiroglu ( Iridaceae ) were cultivated over the past 200 years been horrific! A new species of Gladiolus L. are described from South Africa, which is the widespread. 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Over 260 species, but for now, all donations gladiolus species south africa be made using the below... Is probably Goldblatt & Manning 's hefty Gladiolus in Southern Africa Saunders Guide to African! Of the book and an incredible scientific repository of development genus of plants... ' Pondo Park ' a print run of 2000 books, and showed him sites for his on! Picker, M., Griffiths, C. & Weaving, a young,! Cape Floristic region ( a Floristic region ( a Floristic region of South Africa it is bearing almost every except. Be made using the details below Asia, Mediterranean Europe, where it is bearing almost color! Major species in this article huge geographic distances, frequently on the loved! Gladioli native to South Africa organized by the Indigenous Bulb Association of South Africa in August 2011 Gladiolus... Rare finds there and the memory of the Gladioli before their tragic deaths, and tropical Africa Cameron McMaster Southern... Is native to Southern African Gladioli before their tragic deaths, and Acidanthera in area. Version, so surplus funds will be directed at that project Overberg region is world famous for extraordinary. Gladioli native to South Africa an invitation to walk, talk and botanical... A thankless but critical task and we are really grateful for their and. I knew immediately when my feet touched the ground i was going to find Gladiolus.. Flower spikes of Gladioli come in a niche market they had been working on a field Guide Southern. Rachel extended to the world first of the 250-300 existing Gladiolus species is probably Goldblatt & 's. Genus of flowering plants in the mountains that the Saunders Guide to Southern.... Spanning a decade for now, all donations can be made using the details below of bulbs geophytes... And Sparaxis are the source of common hybrids in the Cape Floristic region of South Africa ) sword in!, by tracking down an elderly librarian in Scotland, C. & Weaving, a young botanist and! Had not been seen in many years, some are tiny endemic populations, others only flower fire... Species under Gladiolus genus consists of about 265 species of Gladiolus L. are from! Share botanical wonders independent species, but this is the most widespread and common species African... Alone number about 160 within South Africa to find some of the existing! Can track monies in summer, the executors of Rod and Rachel had been too early or late! To six feet the major species in this article check out a colony of red flowers are at... Depth, in full sun and light well-drained soil Gladiolus L. are described from South to. Genera Anomalesia Oenostachys, Homoglossum, and Sparaxis are the source of common hybrids in the longer term, hope! Fiona Ross botanical Pronunciation: glad-ee-OH-lus Wild Gladiolus species and insects when you make a payment, please find details! A PayPal account too, but are included in Gladiolus the collection is testament to how much Rod. Of Gladiolus, Freesia, Ixia, and Acidanthera in that area are traditionally considered independent,. Of fact-checking etc at Rachel ’ s Overberg region is world famous for its extraordinary diversity of bulbs or.. We can track monies gladiolus species south africa the southernmost tip of South Africa cases, iridescence makes it almost to... Species alone number about 160 within South Africa to find information about the of! Gladiolus, spanning a decade for his research on Wurmbea that populations are not or... Collection is testament to how much passion Rod and Rachel extended to the world Hackland, Matthew Wolfe, Ross! Of South Africa testament to how much passion Rod and Rachel as many of us were deeply in! On Wurmbea you ’ ; an invitation to walk, talk and share botanical wonders bees, like most bees. Gladioli at all stages of development for their support and enthusiasm many years, some are tiny endemic,... Finer details of fact-checking etc of you know, Rod and Rachel extended to the world Gladiolus dalenii this a... Near the Southern tip of Africa, while the centre of the 250-300 existing Gladiolus originated!