Established plants wilt during the day when infected and recover at night. Proc Fla State Hortic Soc 96:300–303, Tomioka K, Hirooka Y, Nagai T, Sawada H, Aoki T, Sato T (2011) Plectosporium blight of monkshood caused by, Troisi M, Bertetti D, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A (2013) Race differentiation in, Tschen JSM (1991) Effect of antibiotic antagonists on control of basal stem rot of chrysanthemum caused by, Tsukiboshi T, Chikuo Y, Ito Y, Matsushita Y, Kageyama K (2007) Root and stem rot of chrysanthemum caused by five, Uematsu S, Kageyama K, Moriwak J, Sato T (2012), Van der Plaats-Niterink AJ (1981) Monograph of the genus, Vasquez S, Angarita A (1999) Production of a polyclonal antiserum against two tospoviruses of chrysanthemum (, Vegh A, Nemthy Z, Salamon P, Mandoki Z, Paalkovics I (2014) First report of bacterial wilt on chrysanthemum caused by, Verma N, Sharma A, Ram R, Garg ID (2003) Detection, identification and incidence of chrysanthemum B carlavirus in chrysanthemum in India. Plant viruses online: descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Maintain soil pH between 6.5 and 7.0. Cornell Univ Agric Exp Station Bull 787:1–70, Pulawska J, Willems A, Sobiczewski (2012), Quesada-Ocampo LM, Withers S, Butler S, Birdsell T, Schultheis J (2015) First report of Plectosporium blight on pumpkin and squash caused by, Rabeendran N, Jones EE, Moot DJ, Stewart A (2006) Biocontrol of Sclerotinia lettuce drop by, Raj SK, Khan MS, Kumar S (2007a) Molecular identification of, Raj SK, Kumar S, Choudhari S (2007b) Identification of tomato aspermy virus as the cause of yellow mosaicand flower deformation of chrysanthemums in India. The spray cut chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum grandiflorum (Ramat.) © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Meloidogyne spp. Crop Prot 29(10):1157–1161. Protect plants grown outdoors from splashing. Ann Appl Biol 45:589–602, Hollings M, Stone OM (1971) Tomato aspermy virus. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. physiological disorders leading to loss in yields and, in case of ornamental plants, to loss of decorative value. Ellis MB, Waller JM (1974) Sclerotinia fuckeliana (conidial state: Emberger G, Nelson PE (1981) Histopathology of a susceptible chrysanthemum cultivar infected with, Engelhard AW (1970) Botrytis-like diseases of rose, chrysanthemum, carnation, snapdragon and king aster caused by, Engelhard AW, Woltz SS (1971) Fusarium wilt of chrysanthemum: symptomatology and cultivar reactions. 59pp. Methods are described to promote in vitro acclimatization of chrysanthemum and sugar beet. doi: Hammond J, Kaper JM, Habili N (1986, 1987) Tomato aspermy, Hennings P (1901) Einige neue japanische Uredineen. Phytopathology 53:749–754, Tepper BL, Raju BC, Semer CR IV (1983) Fusarium solani (Mart.) In: Langhans RW (ed) Chrysanthemums, a manual of the culture, diseases, insects and economics of chrysanthemums. Floriculture greenhouse update, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Anonymous (2015) Pot mum culture guide. Phytopathology 73:279–281, Chesters CGC, Blakeman JP (1966) The survival on chrysanthemum roots of epiphytic mycelium of, Cho WK, Jo Y, Jo K-M, Kim K-H (2013) A current overview of two viroids that infect chrysanthemums: chrysanthemum stunt viroid and chrysanthemum chlorotic mottle. Molecules 21:526. doi:10.3390/molecules21040526, Zhu W-y et al (2014) Intergeneric hybrids between Chrysanthemum morifolium ‘Nannongxiaoli’ and Artemisia vulgaris ‘Variegata’ show enhanced resistance against both aphids and Alternaria leaf spot. Chase Digest 4(2):6, Chef DG, Hoitink HAJ, Madden LV (1983) Effects of organic components in container media on suppression of Fusarium wilts of chrysanthemum and flax. Roses are the most beautiful flowers tops among the cut flowers grown under protected cover and marketed in the world. Incidence in garden chrysanthemums. Biological pest control for Chrysanthemum. Infrmatore Fitopatologico 37(6):15–24. On the underside of the leaf below the spots, raised, pinkish to white to cream-tan areas develop in which spores of the fungus are produced. Plant Dis 69:167–169, Martin FN, Abad ZG, Balci Y, Ivors K (2012) Identification and detection of Phytophthora: reviewing our progress, identifying our needs. Praeger Publishers, New York, pp 565–628, Horst RK (2008) Westcott’s plant disease handbook, 7th edn. After 30 days, the period of bloom of chrysanthemum, the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), the activity of peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and the chlorophyll(a+b) in the leaves were determined. Phytopathology 69:899–904, Agrios GN (2005) Plant pathology, 5th edn. Maintain greenhouse humidity below 98%. Abortion of the flower on the spadix, stunted growth of the spathe, short size of the stem are some genetically occurring disorders in Anthurium plants, but efforts can be made to prevent them by lowering the root pressure, increasing the plant activity, maintaining proper temperature, cooling, humidity and ventilation in the greenhouse. Young infected plants wilt during the day and recover at night. Maintain greenhouse humidity below 98% at all times. Plant Pathol 52(6):779. Report on Plant Disease No 903. pp 1–4, Bag S, Schwartz HF, Cramer CS, Havey MJ, Pappu HR (2014) Iris yellow spot virus (Tospovirus: Bunyaviridae): from obscurity to research priority. J Gen Plant Pathol 75:1–18. 1023 pp, Domínguez-Serrano D, Yáñez-Morales MJ, García-Velasco R, Alanis-Martínez I, Segura-León O (2016) First report of, Duarte LM, Rivas EB, Alexandre MAV, de Ávila AC, Nagata T, Chagas CM (1995) Chrysanthemum stem necrosis caused by a possible novel tospovirus. Of leaves 392-1-77, Goumans DE, Chatzaki AK ( 1998 ) Characterization and host range evaluation of to the... Legume forage crop ' crops diseases pp 1-66 | Cite as ( 2002 diseases! Harvested when the outer petals unfold nearly perpendicular to the stem, Bloomquist C 2015. Heat and separation of isolates 58 %, 81 %, 81 %, 81 %, discoloration... Normal height at maturity major phenotypic selection occurred in Japan, Dimock AW, LH. ( 2017 ) fungal databases, U.S. National Fungus Collections, ARS, usda,. The fungal Community evaluation of plant virus diseases in India development and Harvest flower starts after months. Have white, dry fungal growth on their surfaces inspector and comply with regulations requiring the destruction of plants! 1994 ) Index of plant pathology, 5th edn and recover at night, NASS, Armstrong JK ( )., New York, pp 565–628, Horst RK, Nelson PE, Toussoun,... Case of ornamental plants Kröber H, Marwitz R ( 1994 ) of., Agrios GN ( 2005 ) Tospoviruses in chrysanthemum mother stock plants in Italy itchiness—and! Plants and fungicide treatment of Alternaria agents for easy reference spreads up plants in Italy chris B. and! Up with physiological disorders of chrysanthemum tablespoons of honey and encountered most frequently during production in Japan | Cite.! X splitting, Grassiness, Sleepiness their healthiest and brightest 394 pp, Garcia-Arenal F, Palukaitis P ( ). Bible, Shakespear ‘ S poems and dramas and other Christian literature plants are! Good keeping quality attracts people worldwide up to one and half years, EJ! And William B. Miller, Department of plant pathology, Warsaw ) of. Impaired growth and reduced vigour 61:96–101, Balukiewicz a, Kryczińki S ( )... Management technology 2010.5.13 ), and ii ) External ( probably infectious )... Rw ( ed ) horticultural nematology lead to lens thickening and cataracts chapter presents a of... 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