The picture above shows a 1.5" coupling with socket ends and a 1.5" x 1" bushing with a spigot end. PVC cross fittings are usually used when building framework out of PVC pipe. The fitting for this job is a nipple. Couplings are one of the most simple (and inexpensive) types of PVC fittings. Available furniture fittings are manufactured to schedule 40 thickness. There may come a time when you want to use a PVC fitting with non-PVC pipe. They are clean white or black with nothing printed on them. Many threaded fittings have slip fittings on the other end to more easily connect to pipe. For male-threaded fittings, you will see the same abbreviations with an "M" instead of an "F" and, you guessed it, the "M" stands for "male." It's important to remember that each fitting has a countless amount of iterations and uses, so keep that in mind when shopping for fittings. PVC-U is the most common PVC type for pipes and fittings including transportation of drinking water, soil and waste, sewage and underground drainage and industrial applications. They can have threaded or slip socket ends to connect to an endless variety of pipes and fittings. Tee, Wye, Cross and Elbow Fittings. There are many different thread styles that are used in the PVC fittings industry. Connecting hose to PVC pipe can be useful in irrigation and many other outdoor PVC applications. As long as the OD of the pipe is the same as the inner diameter (ID) of the fitting it is going into, they will be compatible. PVC schedule 40 pipe has the same outside diameter as galvanized or black steel, brass, and stainless steel piping, which have a slightly larger outside diameter than copper pipe. On a female-threaded fitting, the threads are on the inside of the fitting. So an SSS fitting would be a fitting with three slip fittings; this is usually a tee. They are a small part that connects or "couples" one part to another, usually permanently. PVC tees are a fitting with three ends; two in a straight line and one on the side at a 90-degree angle. To seal and secure a hose onto a barbed insert fitting, you must use a a clamp. There are seven different types of conduit used commonly in residential and light commercial wiring. PVC End Types Explained Sockets and Spigots. This is so all parts with the same size in their name will be compatible with each other. Cover Plates and Box Covers PVC Cover Plates, F Series, as single gang, … © 2020 PVCFittingsOnline.com. Most elbows have slip socket ends, but threaded versions are available. A nipple with … Female and Male Threaded. If you are going to have any fluids passing through your pipe, you will want to ensure that there will be no leaks. This does not mean the part is made of iron! PVC Pipe. The picture above shows a 1.5" female-threaded elbow and a 1.5" male-threaded elbow. Size offerings will depend on fitting type. Back in the day, most pipes were iron or steel, which is why the word "iron" is often used in the abbreviation. Not all types of pipe will work with FORMUFIT fittings and accessories: CTS/CPVC Pipe. Often our customers ask us, "What is the difference between furniture grade fittings and regular fittings?" Some fittings have spigot ends that fit inside pipe itself as if it was a socket fitting. If you are trying to expand your PVC knowledge, you can use this blog post as a pipe fitting study guide! … A commonly used abbreviation for "socket" is "soc.". We offer fittings at competitive prices and with fast shipping! Flanges are a disc-like fitting that create a tight seal by pressing two surfaces together with bolts, clamps, edges, or a compressive force. Many PVC couplings have socketed ends. A 1" fitting will fit on a 1" pipe, regardless of whether either one is schedule 40 or 80. When you need to attach a fitting to another fitting, you use a spigot end. (Bushings cannot reduce pipe.) Caps have a very simple job: stop the flow. These fittings are available in four pressure-temperature rating class. This allows for different kinds of connections and makes maintenance and pipeline customization easier. x 1-1/2 in. They are put on the end of a pipeline that does not need to be connected to another pipe. Because of the strength required of flanges, they are usually made with schedule 80 PVC. The advantage of using PVC pipe unions is that the pipes that are connected using PVC … Coupling, Adapter, Bushing and Union Fittings. Sockets and spigots are both slip fitting end types, but the term "slip" usually refers to sockets. Flange fittings are used when you want to easily take apart sections of a pipeline as they are bolted together. If you've worked with PVC pipe for any length of time, you will know that there are many different PVC end types. Click here for more information on our furniture grade pipe and fittings. Types of Pipe Fitting Material Tee, Wye, Cross and Elbow Fittings. These fittings are designed to change the end type of a pipe, allowing it to connect to fittings and pipes of many sizes. HOLIDAY CLOSING NOTICE NO SHIPPMENTS AFTER 2PM EASTERN MONDAY 12/21. These questions often have to do with pipe fittings sizes and dimensions, which makes sense because those topics can be confusing! Crosses can add a great deal of structural integrity to a framework. Types L and Type K are thicker and used in outdoor and drain applications. Here you will find a wide range of content that includes DIY projects, video tutorials, contractor and DIY terms, plans and much more. Plugs are like caps, but instead of stopping the flow in a pipe, they stop the flow in a fitting. Some of them even reduce so you can connect a small pipe to a large pipe or vice versa. Flanges are fittings that allow the attachment of accessories and other items to pipe. We have information on just about any PVC Question, DIY Project or Contractor Spec. Cross. PVC end types can be confusing, but hopefully this guide has given you a new understanding of the many varieties of PVC fittings. This makes them great for applications where the pipe will be visible, whether or not it is actually for furniture. Terms of Use | Privacy Policy. They feature a ring in the center that separates the two ends from each other, allowing for easy deconstruction and maintenance. To understand these end types, you must first understand the term "slip" as it is used in PVC. Tee type fitting is a component of plumbing system which is in T-shape. This entry was posted on May 18, 2016 by Admin. The difference lies in the thickness of the pipe wall. PVC flanges are available with slip or threaded ends. The other end of a flange fitting can be threaded or slip. A nipple is a short stub of pipe, usually male-threaded steel, brass, chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), or copper (occasionally unthreaded copper), which connects two other fittings. Copper and other metal fittings may also be available for older homes which … Caps go around or outside the pipe, so they can have either a socket or female-threaded end. Want to know about all the different PVC end types and connections? 1-1/2 in. Here you will find a wide range of content that includes DIY projects, video tutorials, contractor and DIY terms, plans and much more. If you have any more questions, feel free to ask us on our Twitter and Facebook pages! Regular Fittings, PVC Fittings - Descriptions and Applications. Bushings are also typically threaded, which sets them apart from other types of fittings. They … Spigot fittings are often called street fittings. They are rare as they are only required for very specific uses. Bushings are a lot like adapters, but with a focus on connecting pipes of different diameters by reducing the fitting. Because a fitting such as this requires a tight fit, they are most commonly made with schedule 80 PVC. >PVC Fittings - Descriptions and Applications Schedule 40 PVC pipes have thinner walls than their schedule 80 … On a male-threaded fitting, the threads are on the outside of the fitting. 3000 & 6000 class fittings are available in both Threaded and Socket Weld types. We have information on just about any PVC Question, DIY Project or Contractor Spec. PVC Access fittings are available in different types: type C, type LB, type LL, type LR, type E, and type T access fittings. Elbows are most commonly available in 90-degree angles and 45-degree angles, so your pipeline can be directed however you want it. That seems pretty straightforward, right? Furniture Grade Fittings Vs. However, a 1" fitting and a 1" carbon steel pipe may not be compatible with each other just because they have the same nominal size. Because of this, plugs go inside the fitting. DETAILS HERE. Click here for the full guide to these unique fittings, Organize Your Classroom with PVC Projects for Teachers, DIY PVC Candy Canes for Holiday Decorations, How PVC is Used on Fish Farms and Fish Hatcheries, How Push-On Fittings Work for Plumbing and Irrigation, DIY Community Service Projects Leveraging PVC. ---->Tees Flange fittings can be more expensive than others because of all the accessories required to make a strong connection. 90° PVC Elbow. To connect PVC pipe to a hose that has no adapter, you can use a fitting with a barbed insert on one end. Pipes and fittings made of PVC-U … ---->Crosses A cross fitting has openings on all four of its ends and can connect four pipes. A spigot fits inside a socket, so it is the same size around as regular pipe. Prices for furniture fittings depend on the select fitting type… To understand these end types, you must first understand the term "slip" as it is used in PVC. ---->Couplings and Unions Crosses are a slightly less common type of fitting that join four pipe sections. Female and male threads are pretty self-explanatory. HOLIDAY CLOSING NOTICE NO SHIPPMENTS AFTER 2PM EASTERN MONDAY 12/21. After reading this guide, PVC end types will no longer be a mystery! The answer is pretty simple: our furniture grade fittings have no manufacturer printing or bar codes. PVC pipe is simply made to be usable in metal pipelines. For example, a 1" furniture grade fitting and a 1" regular fitting will both fit on a 1" pipe. Sizes 1/2 inch, 2 inch, 3 inch, 4 inch, 5 inch are the most common and available for most PVC fitting types. It may also serve as a refresher for seasoned veterans of piping. PVC Schedule 40 Pipe & Fittings. 2000 class fittings are available in only in threaded type. © 2020 PVCFittingsOnline.com. ---->Adapters (Female and Male) For newcomers to the wide world of PVC, this may be daunting. To ensure you’re using the right dimensions of PVC pipe fittings, reference a PVC … ---->Caps and Plugs Also, tees can connect two lines into one main line. All Rights Reserved. All Rights Reserved. Regular Fittings When browsing female-threaded fittings, you may see the abbreviations "FPT" and "FIPT." They are also often used for PVC structures. Product DetailsClose. Just wrap it around the male threads a few times and it will keep the connection sealed and lubricated. Fernco Couplings have earned a reputationFernco Couplings have earned a reputation for consistent, superior performance, giving you … They can connect pipe to pipe and pipe to fitting. ... as there is no way to connect the steel pipe to the plastic PVC fitting. "Slip" in PVC does not mean the connection will be slippery, but rather that the fitting will slip right over the pipe. All furniture grade PVC fittings feature tapered ends that enhance visual appearance. PVC cement seals pipe through a chemical reaction that bonds the plastic of one part to another. All 1" fittings will fit on 1" pipe, for example. Two main types of PVC pipe exist: schedule 40 and schedule 80. The terms "street," "spg," and "spigot," are all the same thing and refer to spigot end fittings. Adapters, sometimes called reducing couplings, are a versatile fitting. The styles covered … Each entry contains a description of the fitting as well as possible uses and applications for it. "T" refers to threaded fittings, particularly female-threaded fittings. Tees allow a line to be split into two separate lines with a 90-degree connection. If you can't find what you need, visit our customer support section. They can stop a pipeline that you plan on expanding later or give you easy access to a system when needed. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. These stand for "female pipe thread" and "female iron pipe thread." Compatibility and general pipe fitting knowledge can be overwhelming to someone who is new to the world of PVC! PVC fittings are available for direct purchase in pipe size that ranges from 1/8 inch up to 10 inches standard. A coupling is used to extend the run of a pipe, or change pipe sizes (in … Elbows. The picture to the right shows a 3/4" female adapter with a barbed insert on one end and a female-threaded fitting on the other. Chrome Coupler. This entry was posted on May 27, 2016 by Admin. The most important thing when working with PVC pipe and fittings is the nominal size. There are several different ways to do this, and the method you choose will depend on what you are connecting. Tees are an extremely versatile fitting that are some of the most widely used parts in plumbing. The most common type of flange is found at the base of a toilet. The most commonly confused non-compatible pipe is Copper Tube Size (CTS) plastic pipe, which is actually made from CPVC and uses an entirely different sizing system. The picture to the right shows a 1" Van Stone slip flange with a slip end that fits straight onto PVC pipe or a spigot fitting. Adapters can be either male- or female-threaded, as well as socket or spigot. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. That means that 1" PVC pipe will have an OD that is greater than 1", and a 1" PVC fitting will have an even larger OD than the pipe. Connection Methods. They can also add a finished look to pipe in PVC building projects. Click here for more information on PVC end types. To cut rigid copper, you’ll need a wheel cutter, tube cutter, or a … If you need your piping system to get turn or get around something in the way, you will need to bend your pipeline around with PVC elbows. JavaScript seem to be disabled in your browser. And if you want to come back to that joint for maintenance, the fittings will still be able to unscrew. ---->Elbows Teflon tape is enough to keep it sealed tight. The following is a list of some of the most commonly used PVC fittings available. When looking for parts, you will often see "barbed insert" shortened to "insert" or "inst." Without any adhesives, PVC pipe and fittings will fit together quite snugly. There are some situations in which two female ends in a PVC system need to be connected. As a company with "PVC Fittings" in our name, we receive a lot of questions about fittings. The sizes are the same as regular fitting sizes. As mentioned in a previous blog post about PVC pipe outer diameter, PVC pipe and fittings use a nominal system for standard sizing. JavaScript seem to be disabled in your browser. They have four slip connections (S x S x S x S) that meet at 90-degree angles, forming a "plus" shape. Twist the pipe a quarter of the way around as you push it into the fitting. PVC is a cost-effective, crack-resistant, and acid-proof alternative to traditional piping options. Most flanges, however, use bolts to join the two surfaces together. PVC unions are often used in building temporary structures, such as tent supports, and can be taken apart when the structure is no longer needed. ---->Bushings These are pipe extenders and inside connectors. … A socket is a fitting that simply goes over the end of a pipe. DWV Flexible PVC Coupling. PVC cement bonds pipe together, so if it is used on threaded joints, it will make a seal, but the threads will become useless. From spigots to barbed inserts, the look and purpose of different PVC end types vary widely. Also, they are just as durable as the rest of our PVC fittings. 3/4" Schedule 40 PVC fittings fit 3/4" PVC … Click here for more information on PVC outer diameter. On a female-threaded fitting, … To ensure you’re using the right dimensions of PVC pipe fittings, reference a PVC … Trap and Flange Fittings. They can also increase the strength of pipe. Cap, Plug and Nipple Fittings. ---->Nipples The main reason people use threaded parts is so that they can be taken apart if necessary. They are still compatible with schedule 40 parts, however. Hose expands outwards, so glue doesn't work. Well here's the confusing part: the outer diameter (OD) of PVC pipe is greater than the size in its name. Elbows, also known as "ells," are used to change the direction of a pipe system. For more information on any of these fittings, visit their respective product pages. These are extremely common. This is a female fitting, … Threaded fittings need to be sealed differently. Click here for the full guide to these unique fittings. Terms of Use | Privacy Policy. PVC unions and PVC pipe union connectors are pipe fittings designed to connect two pipes together without the use of a sealant or traditional glued coupling. The word "barbed" refers to the ridges on the fitting that are meant to keep the hose from slipping off. These are just a handful of the more popular PVC fittings. When putting pipe into a slip fitting, the connection may seem tight, but to transport any liquid media, it will need to be sealed. A good way to seal threaded joints and keep them working is to use PTFE thread seal tape. >PVC End Types and Adhesives This is just one reason that most PVC fittings have slip ends. They have three ends instead of two. Other questions are about the fittings themselves and what they are meant for. Most tees have slip socket ends, but threaded versions are available. Type M is the thinnest but is strong enough for most homes. An ST fitting would have two ends, one with a slip fitting and the other with a threaded fitting; this could be a coupling, elbow, or any other fitting with two ends. Fittings guide will outline all the accessories required to make a strong connection & 6000 class fittings available. Fittings available size, in this case, is not as important as types of pvc fittings of! Separate lines with a focus on connecting pipes of different diameters by reducing the fitting if necessary, connect,! The fitting, you must have JavaScript enabled in your browser inside socket... Ends, but with a focus on connecting pipes of different PVC types! Study guide knowledge, you will want to easily take apart sections of pipe... To these unique fittings these are just as durable as the name suggests, the look and of... Furniture grade fitting and a 1.5 '' x 1 '' socket end will fit together quite snugly the pipe! In their name will be compatible with schedule 40 parts, you must understand! A handful of the pipe you are connecting FPT '' and `` female pipe thread '' and `` FIPT ''... The hose from slipping off pipe size that ranges from 1/8 inch up to 10 inches.... Post as a refresher for seasoned veterans of piping of these fittings are designed to change direction... 1.5 '' x 1 '' pipe inst. feel free to ask us on our furniture grade fittings Vs threaded! The abbreviation is how many ends the fitting has that connects or `` inst ''. Kinds of connections and makes maintenance and pipeline customization easier pipes and fittings fit! For furniture what is the thinnest but is strong enough for most homes they either have a very job... Than the size in its name about the fittings themselves and what they are only required for very specific.. Strength required of flanges, however from other types of plastic or types of pvc fittings, most available. 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