Which of the following civilizations was characterized by government participation by its citizens? the invention of paper. During his 54-year reign, Emperor Wu expanded the borders of China to the north of Vietnam in the south, to the Korean Peninsula in the east, and to eastern Kazakhstan in the west. It was a very long-lived and successful empire. Han Wudi died at the age of 71 in 86BC. House model. With the collapse of the Qin Dynasty in 206 B.C.E. was very intolerant of the ideas and practices of the peoples it conquered. The Byzantines thought of their empire as Roman. The Xin dynasty (/ ʃ ɪ n /; Chinese: 新朝; pinyin: XÄ«ncháo; Wade–Giles: Hsin¹-chÊ»ao²; lit. In 206 BCE, Liu Bang declared himself Han Gaozu, the first emperor of the Han Dynasty. The Persian Wars (500-479 BCE) referred to, b. rebellions of Greek city states fighting for their independence, The real achievement of Alexander and his successors in the economic real was, d. creation of a broad commercial network linking east and west, e. community of citizens in which all political, economic, social, cultural and religious activities were focused, All but one of the following sets of characteristics were true with regard to the early Persians from the 10th-6th century BC, c. descendants of the Greeks, related to Alexander of Macedon, In Contrast to Persia and China, classical India, a. lacked a strong continuing imperial tradition, The greek historian known as the "father of history' who wrote History of the Persian Wars was, What civilization was initially responsible for the unification of the Middle East, Asia Minor (modern Turkey) and Iranian plateau, Identify the major trade network between asia and europe. Which of the following factors did NOT constitute a tendency toward disunity in India? increased trade by sea and wealth for coastal Greek cities. fifth emporer of the han dynasty in china, he led the han dynasty during its peak and substantially increased chinese territory Xiongnu nomadic raiders from the grasslands north of china during the reign of han dynasty, emporer wudi fought against them in the mid 100's bc To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Which of the following provides the most convincing explanation for Rome's expansion? constructing buildings made of stone and marble in southwest Asia, This Phoenician product was highly prized by royalty and elite ruling classes. Education and civil service examinations were used as a means of selecting the most capable officials and of absorbing the provincial magnates into the central government to consolidate its control over the countryside. Victory Over the Hun: Famous Lost Account of Han Dynasty Triumph Found C… 1. Ming dynasty, Chinese dynasty that lasted from 1368 to 1644 and provided an interval of native Chinese rule between eras of Mongol and Manchu dominance, respectively. what was the key advancement in art under the Han dynasty. embraced a major clash and fusion of cultures across a huge area as Greco-Macedonian elite assumed power in highly diverse cultures. During his reign, the Hongwu emperor instituted military, administrative, and educational reforms that centred power in the emperor. The Western Han began to … Both Greek and Chinese traditional societies (Zhou) had a(n), authoritarian patriarchal family structure, his works on the Persian Wars and is considered the "Father of History. During the latter Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644), a nomadic tribe known as the Nvzhen people once lived in what is today northeast China. Later Zhao (319-351) The reign of Emperor Wen of Sui is considered a golden period in Chinese history with vast agricultural surplus and huge population growth. They were divided because the Han continued with the achievements of the Qin dynasty and Shi Huangdi had the empire … During the Han dynasty, the power a government official exercised was determined by his annual salary-rank, measured in grain units known as dan (石, a unit of volume, approximately 35 litres (0.99 US bsh)).However, approximately half an official's salary in grain was made in payments of cash coins, the standard of which, after 119 BC, was the wushu (五銖) coin measuring 3.2 g (0.11 oz). 4. The Han Dynasty's Earlier Calendar Appendix III. Which of the following statements is not an accurate characterization of the Greek polis? During its short reign, China's Sui Dynasty reunited northern and southern China for the first time since the days of the early Han Dynasty (206 BCE - 220 CE). which of the following best encapsulate Confucian thought? The Tang dynasty, generally regarded as a golden age of Chinese culture, was founded by the Lǐ family, who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui dynasty. 2. THE ANNALS OF EMPEROR HSIAO-HUI Introduction to Chapters II and III: Translation and Notes: Appendix. Which statement accurately compares the fall of the Han and Roman empires? Preceded by the short-lived Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and a warring interregnum known as the Chu–Han contention (206–202 BC), it was briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) established by the usurping regent Wang … which of the following societies' social hierarchies was overall the most constrictive and gave the least room for social mobility? The Silk Roads allowed products to move between which of the following pairs of empires? ", The least important factor explaining the downfall of Rome was the, Two of the most outstanding contributions of Rome to Western civilization were in. Defeated peoples were expected to pay a fee to avoid destruction. Gaozu, temple name (miaohao) of the founder and first emperor of the Han dynasty (206 bc–ad 220), under which the Chinese imperial system assumed most of the characteristics that it was to retain until it was overthrown in 1911/12. Which of the following would be an accurate example of the Hellenistic period? The Qing dynasty, also known as the Manchu dynasty, ruled over China for a period of 268 years from 1644 to 1912.It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and followed by the Republic of China.The reign of the Qing dynasty saw much advancement in numerous fields including those of art, literature and printing. It looks like your browser needs an update. During the previous dynasty, the Qin, Liu Bang had been a minor official. a financial difficulties caused by maintaining the army and bureaucracy. The future Hongwu emperor He conquered the weakened Qin Dynasty, as well as the forces that competed to succeed it. Which of the following statements would NOT be true concerning the roles and lifestyles of women during the classical period (500 BCE- 600 CE)? What army of occupation was driven from India by Chandragupta Maurya? The Essay on Comparing the Fall of Han China and Roman Empire. and the rise of the Han Dynasty in 202 B.C.E., the early Han emperors needed to legitimize their rule. Large landowners successfully avoided tax collectors. The practices concerning education, priesthood service, and property inheritance demonstrated egalitarianism between the genders. a. very rapid population growth, accompanied by increasingly concentrated land control, greatly … The Qin/Han dynasties and Romans shared in the use of this technology extensively in their empires, All the following are areas that the Emperor Wu expanded the Han Empire into EXCEPT. The Qin dynasty (221-206 BCE) was very short and cruel; by the time it collapsed, Liu Bang had raised an army and claimed the vacant throne. was distinguished by the ideas of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. modern Hubei and Hunan) and soon became a follower of Liu Bang 劉邦, the founder of the Han dynasty. Han China and Rome were two of the most powerful and popular empires of their time, but they fell like any other empire before them. During the middle part of his reign, he passed an edict, stating that those who brought fallow land under cultivation could keep it as their property without being taxed. He hailed from the region of Chu 楚 (approx. The Han empire was much like the Roman Empire in size and population. During the succeeding years, private schools continued to exist although there were times when state education became fashionable. The Mauryan and Gupta empires demonstrated India's. compass and seismograph. In 202 BCE, Emperor Gaozu, whose given name was Liu Bang, became the first Han emperor after defeating the last rebellion against him. The Western Han Dynasty (206BC - 24AD) was regarded as the first unified and powerful empire in Chinese history. ... What were the two most useful instruments invented by the Chinese during the Han dynasty? The Han dynasty was founded by the … During the Ming period, China exerted immense cultural and political influence on East Asia. Hindu women were allowed many rights and due to their religious beliefs were pretty much free and independent. As a strong disputer of politics, he was appointed superior grand master of the palace (taizhong dafu 太中大夫). The Han dynasty reached its pinnacle during the reign of its seventh emperor, Emperor Wu of Han, who is considered one of the greatest emperors in Chinese history. Trade and Currency under the Yuan. Emperor Taizu of Song (21 March 927 – 14 November 976), personal name Zhao Kuangyin, courtesy name Yuanlang, was the founder and first emperor of the Song dynasty in China. interruption in its political control marked by regional kingdoms. The Nvzhen tribe, widely considered to be ancestors of the Manchus, became very powerful. The emperors of the Han dynasty were the supreme heads of government during the second imperial dynasty of China; the Han dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) followed the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and preceded the Three Kingdoms (220–265 AD). The Qing Dynasty was the final imperial dynasty in China, lasting from 1644 to 1912. created a utopian, ideal state composed of three social classes. This passage refers to the Byzantine Empire as the "Roman Empire," why do you think the author is doing this? The Western Han Dynasty became unprecedented rich and powerful, centralization strengthened and its feudal economy flourished. What is meant by "payment of tribute" regarding the Han Empire? Next lesson. The Method Used in Checking Recorded Eclipses: Appendix IV. changed his personal values and governmental policies after becoming a Buddhist. It was divided into three periods: the Western Han (206 BC – 9 AD), the Xin Dynasty (9–23 AD), and the Eastern Han (25–220AD). This is the currently selected item. the establishment of a new capital in the eastern empire. to place temples, graves, and homes in the correct position for good luck ... Quizlet Live. Reigning for a period of only thirty-eight years from 581 to 619, Sui dynasty was one of the shortest lived dynasties in the history of China but it made several important contributions, most prominently their reunification of China after a lengthy period of fragmentation and internal warfare. Which of the following accurately describes gender relationships in ancient Indian society? He reigned from 206 to 195 bc. It played a significant role in unifying all Greeks throughout the entire region under a single government. In comparison to Han China, in the Roman Empire, A fundamental difference between the Roman Empire and China's Han Empire was that the. c. the Romans wanted a buffer against attack, The basic message of Jesus of Nazareth was that, A key difference between Hinduism and Buddhism was that only Buddhism, c. was simpler as it rejected the numerous Hindu gods, The jewish people could not get along well with a number of imperial regimes because, c. they had difficulty recognizing the emperors as divine, c. saw the development of a large gap between rich and poor, How democratic was the Athenian democracy? strategic fortification, road construction, and allied military support. The Yuan dynasty is traditionally given credit for reuniting China after several hundred years of fragmentation following the fall of the Tang dynasty. essentials of the Han Empire were replicated by later dynasties but the Roman Empire disappeared except as an idea. The Greek historian who wrote the History of the Persian wars. Which of the following caused the Maurya Empire of India to decline and collapse? Not counting the brief interruption of the 14-year Xin Dynasty, the Han Dynasty lasted over 400 years. Hongwu, reign name (nianhao) of the Chinese emperor (reigned 1368–98) who founded the Ming dynasty that ruled China for nearly 300 years. The Persian King Cyrus the Great carried out a foreign policy based on, The reason(s) why jesus of Nazareth was denounced and crucified was that the, The development and spread of belief systems -Vedism, Jainism and Hinduism - are important to scholars because, b. in this part of the world nearly all the sources from antiquity are religious, c. the Qin system of recruiting government officials on the basis of merit was continued, a. it preached a belief in multiple deities. Which of the following is TRUE of both the Gupta and Han empires? As the Ming Dynasty went into a precipitous decline, a great leader emerged and united the Nvzhen people in 1616. What contributed to the spread of Buddhism and to some extent Hinduism in Southeast Asia? His wife, the empress Gaohou The first fully unified government in Chinese history was that of the. 5. Han Dynasty, China was known for Silk Road trade. which of the following is true of both the Han empire and the Gupta empire? Several cons… He reigned from 960 until his death in 976. 3. c. social harmony is attained when superiors treat those below them with kindness, while inferiors respect those above them, focused on expanding trade in the classical period, both China and India. rapid population growth, accompanied by increasingly concentrated land control, weakened the status and living standards of peasants. Storehouse. During the Yuan dynasty, trade flourished and peace reigned along the newly revived Silk Road, contributing to a period known as the Pax Mongolica. rapid population growth, accompanied by increasingly concentrated land control, weakened the status and living standards of peasants. Han dynasty (206 B.C.E–220 C.E.) Cicada. Which of the following technologies most directly contributed to increased overland transportation and trade starting around 300 BCE? The Eclipses during the Reign of the Emperor Kao-Tsu: CHAPTER II. The Ancient Chinese Ships were called junk approximately from the 14th century. Introduction to the Han dynasty. Recommendation through Observation in the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220) In 136 BC during the reign of Emperor Wudi (156 BC - 87 BC), the government introduced a system which was named 'taixue'. Lasting from 206 BC to 24 AD, it was established by Liu Bang, who became Emperor Gaozu following four years of civil war started by peasant uprisings against the despotic Qin Dynasty (221 - 207BC). A ship in Chinese is called Junk and was developed for the first time during the reign of the Han Dynasty. The two periods of the han dynasty were the western and eastern Han. The policy was well received by the people and in 1393, cultivated land rose to 8,804,623 qing and 68 mu , something not achieved during any other Chinese dynasty. China had been mired in the instability of the Southern and Northern Dynasties period until it was unified by Emperor Wen of Sui. Funeral banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui) Vase with cover. Money tree. By the time he died, at the age of thirty-two, Alexander had conquered all except. The Han dynasty ( Chinese: 漢朝; pinyin: Hàncháo) was the second imperial dynasty of China (202 BC – 220 AD), established by the rebel leader Liu Bang and ruled by the House of Liu. There was a flourishing in the arts and culture as well during the reign of Emperor Wu. what did the chinese use the compass for. Confucianism overcame setbacks from sympathizers of the rival Taoist philosophy and emperors who had Legalist tendencies in their rule of the empire. Han China and Rome’s Empires had the same causes for their declines, but their effects are different. Lu Jia 陸賈 (d. 170) was a minister and political writer during the early years of the Han dynasty æ¼¢ (206 BCE-220 CE).. Oh no! Mahayana Buddhism was first introduced into China during this time. (choose the best description), The first fully unified government in Chinese history was that of the, a. was applicable to every member of Indian socitey, The development and spread of Christianity and Buddhism had all of the following in common Except, c. the founders of both religions presented themselves as divine, The growth of trade within the Persian empire was promoted by. Liu Bang recruited people based on their ability not birth or wealth, and his government included many former serfs and common… What new mode of transportation arrived in western Asia around 2000 BCE that allowed the creation of large states and empires? 1. The first ships made were bamboo rafts, canoe, wooden boat, oared boat, wooden sailboat, steamships and developed to the modern steel vessel over the years. the Greek administrators who had remained after Alexander the Great. He had already been king of Han since 206 BCE (the formal beginning of the Han dynasty). The era is conventionally divided between the Western Han (202 BC – 9 AD) and Eastern Han (25–220 AD) periods.. in the eighth century CE, identify the city that became the center of trade along the Silk Road? The Han empire was conquered by a peasant. both saw a number of technological advances, Attempts to save the Roman Empire from ruin by Constantine included. 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