The Monarchy of Greece (Greek: Μοναρχία της Ελλάδας) or Greek Monarchy (Ελληνική Μοναρχία) was the government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1924 and 1935 to 1973. The four most common systems of Greek government were: Our knowledge of the political systems in the ancient Greek world comes from a wide range of sources. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Citizens probably accounted for 10-20% of the polis population, and of these it has been estimated that only 3,000 or so people actively participated in politics. Oligarchs in ancient Greece thus used a combination of coercion and co-optation to keep democracy at bay. Various boards of officials also existed to make administrative decisions; members of these were usually taken from each of the ten traditional tribes. The Monarchy of Greece was created by the London Conference of 1832 at which the First Hellenic Republic was abolished. Then in 1935 the Monarchy was restored after a referendum and maintained after a referendum in 1946. Cite This Work The Greek origins of the word highlight the fact that ancient Greece, specifically Athens, bequeathed democracy to the world. However, when modern people shout for “democracy,” what they are really demanding is direct democracy within a parliamentary framework. An oligarchy is when a council of rich people inherits power from their parents. There are also two specifically political texts with the same title, The Constitution of the Athenians, one written by Aristotle or one of his pupils and the other attributed (by some) to Xenophon. Of this group, perhaps as few as 100 citizens - the wealthiest, most influential, and the best speakers - dominated the political arena both in front of the assembly and behind the scenes in private conspiratorial political meetings (xynomosiai) and groups (hetaireiai). Most of the Greek people wanted Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, to be the new King. In the Greek world monarchies were rare and were often only distinguishable from a tyranny when the hereditary ruler was more benevolent and ruled in the genuine interest of his people. answer choices . The decrees of the Assembly could also be challenged by the law courts. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (22) Decisions are made quickly. He won the referendum by 230,016 against the Duke of Leuchtenberg. Learn. However, the pattern was not uniform. It wasn't like Spain or England or any other current country where the king/queen is a figurehead. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Spell. “An abridged list of rulers for the ancient Greek world concentrating on the Hellenistic age (323–31 B.C. Created by. How Doggerland Sank Beneath The Waves (500,000-4000 BC) // Prehistoric Europe Documentary - Duration: 49:59. "Ancient Greek Government." answer choices "rule by the government" "rule by the many" "rule by the wealthy" "rule by the people" Tags: Question 7 . head of state referendum was held in 1862, Duchess Amalia of Oldenburg, Princess of Holstein-Gottorp, Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Princess Frederica of Hanover, Great Britain and Ireland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarchy_of_Greece&oldid=995934728, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 17:33. The Greek philosopher Aristotle divided ancient Greek government into monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies and democracies, and most historians still use these same categories. The Dexileos Stele assesses the way that Athenian political thought... What did democracy really mean in Athens? In Athens, the Areopagus was a similar such council, where elders were made members for life. Surviving, though, are over 150 political speeches and 20,000 inscriptions which include 500 decrees and 10 laws. Cartwright, Mark. Books For Athenians, tyranny became the exact opposite of democracy, a position that allowed the citizens of Athens to feel a certain superiority. An oligarchic government was mostly the result of a democratic government going wrong. Megara and Thebes were other states which had an oligarchic system. Greek aristocrats were powerful, hereditary noblemen and wealthy landowners whose interests were at odds with the majority of the populace. After Otto's deposition as King, the Crown was offered to, amongst others, the novelist and former British Colonial Secretary Edward Bulwer-Lytton. Not settling on a definitive answer to these questions, government in the ancient Greek world, therefore, took extraordinarily diverse forms and, across different city-states and over many centuries, political power could rest in the hands of a single individual, an elite or in every male citizen: democracy - widely regarded as the Greeks' greatest contribution to civilization. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. In the pre-Classical period, ancient Greece was composed of small geographic units ruled by a local king. Other than certain fringe elements, nobody even thinks about monarchy anymore. The Kingdom of Greece was ruled by the House of Wittelsbach between 1832 and 1862 and by the House of Glücksburg from 1862 to 1924, temporarily abolished during the Second Hellenic Republic, and from 1935 to 1973, when it was once more abolished and replaced by the Third Hellenic Republic. Military commanders also held public office in some city-states. This feeling was especially evidenced in the demonizing of the Persian kings Darius and Xerxes, the tyrants par excellence. Should sovereignty (kyrion) lie in the rule of law (nomoi), the constitution (politea), officials, or the citizens? The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος [vaˈsili.on tis eˈlaðos]) was established in 1832 and was the successor state to the First Hellenic Republic. The Old Royal Palace (Greek: Παλαιά Ανάκτορα Palaiá Anáktora) is the first royal palace of modern Greece, completed in 1843. Thus history has indeed been live evidence witnessing the transition of most oligarchies into tyrannies. Monarchial rule – that is, rule by a king – was overthrown in ancient Greece because the monarchs' wealthy advisers and others in the aristocracy began to challenge the hereditary right of kings. For the Greeks, the state was not seen as an interfering entity which sought to limit one’s freedom but as an apparatus through which the individual could fully express his membership of the community. In 1832 Prince Otto of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach was styled His Majesty Otto I, King of Greece, over which he reigned for 30 years until he was deposed in 1862. Take a few minutes to re-familiarise yourself: you will find all the news items, speeches and texts from the previous version, as well as an enriched archive of pictures and documents. Whilst for Athens, it is possible to piece together a more complete history, we have only an incomplete picture of the systems in most city-states and many details of how the political apparatus actually functioned are missing. There was in Athens (and also Elis, Tegea, and Thasos) a smaller body, the boulē, which decided or prioritised the topics which were discussed in the assembly. The city-states in Greece were established some time around the 9th century BC. Different city-states had different systems. Monarchy. Social Studies Content Standards for Ancient Greece 6.4 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Ancient Greece. In ancient Greece, oligarchy could be seen in many city-states. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. In 1843 the result of a state who had taken power in an manner! To make administrative decisions ; members of these were usually taken from each of Hellenes... Usually taken from each of the minority but of the Greek Royal Family web site has minimum. He won the referendum by 230,016 against the Duke of Leuchtenberg please note content! 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