The 3.7-inch howitzer was first introduced in 1917, and was used in action in that year in the Mesopotamian Campaign (modern Iraq area). The gun was finally declared obsolete by the British Army in 1960, although it had not seen service since 1945. The Australian Army did employ charge five in Papua New Guinea in emergencies – the gun crews referred to it as "O'Hara's charge". This artillery system is fitted with a load assisting system. It is compatible with all standard 155 mm NATO ammunition. Arrives before Christmas Only 1 left in stock - order soon. Mark says: October 24, 2011 at 4:29 pm. Several were supplied to the French Army after 1945; one is on display at the Vietnam Army Museum in Hanoi while another is displayed at the Zone 5 Military Museum, Danang. Gun, Mk II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=QF_3.7-inch_mountain_howitzer&oldid=992421579, World War I artillery of the United Kingdom, World War II artillery of the United Kingdom, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Example at GEM Homes, Johannesburg South Africa, to be restored shortly (pictures to follow), Example at Lenz Military Base, Johannesburg, South Africa, to be restored soon. Hotchkiss mountain guns were first tested by the U.S. Army in 1881, having been purchased from the famous Hotchkiss Company in Paris. In the latter theatre, on occasion the gun was dismantled and manually hauled up to the upper floors of buildings to provide close support in urban fighting. The gun was finally declared obsolete by the British Army in 1960, although it had not seen service since 1945. 3.7-inch Howitzer, 1.59-inch Breech-Loading Vickers Q.F. It also had a large rectangular shield to protect the crew from small-arms fire, but this was often omitted to save weight. (as of Jun 2008), This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 04:58. The British Indian Army first requested a modern mountain gun in 1906 to replace the BL 10 pounder Mountain Gun, which had been hastily developed after Second Boer War, but itself had several shortcomings. (as of Jun 2008). In the latter theatre, on occasion the gun was dismantled and man-hauled up to the upper floors of buildings to provide close support in urban fighting. That it remained in service with those same units a full half century after the howitzer's introduction is a testament to the gun's quality. The English word howitzer originates ultimately from the Czech word houfnice. 1937. The British Indian Army first requested a modern mountain gun in 1906 to replace the BL 10 pounder Mountain Gun, which had been hastily developed after the Second Boer War, but itself had several shortcomings. First series, one of 38 imported by "Dangerous Dave" Cumberland. [4] They appear to have re-equipped from the 10-pounder mountain gun to the 3.7-inch howitzer while in East Africa, and first used the new weapon in action in an attack on German positions at Medo, 11 April 1918.[5]. In particular, the shell weight was seen as too light and the gun lacked any recoil absorber or recuperator, meaning the gun had to be relaid after every shell was fired. A lightened version was used briefly by Airborne formations. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Gun Howitzer in höchster Qualität. The Mountain Howitzer also was a favorite in the Mexican War where it could be deployed from roof tops in street fighting. FREE Shipping. During World War II, the weapon equipped artillery units engaged in the North African Campaign (Tunisia), the Italian Campaign and Burma Campaign, and it was also used in the Netherlands and Ruhr fighting in 1944-45 by units originally destined for mountain warfare in Greece. The QF 2.95in Mountain Gun was the first British mountain gun to use a hydraulic buffer, and was ordered in small numbers by the British Army, the Egyptian Army, the West African Frontier Force and the US Army. The 22nd (Derajat) Indian Frontier Force mountain battery arrived in the East Africa campaign on 18 December 1916, when they relieved the 28th Battery which returned to India. Media in category "Bofors 75 mm mountain howitzer" The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total. The howitzer has a split trail, the first British weapon to do so, which allows firing at very high angles (a useful feature in mountainous terrain). The mountain howitzer used by Fremont during the 1843-1844 expedition was known as a “12 pounder.” This means that the maximum charge to be loaded should not weigh more than 12 pounds. 00. resulting gun was called a Howitzer, a name taken from the Prussians (Ger-mans) and pronounced, “Haubitze”, which means sling or basket. 1932 . Howitzer Mark I Carriage Mark I 1921,1923, British Artillery in World War 2, Data Sheet - Ordnance, Q.F. Add to Wishlist. However, financial constraints delayed production of the 3.7-inch weapon until 1915. It also has a large rectangular shield to protect the crew from small-arms fire, but this was often omitted to save weight. This little brute could shoot the same ammunition as the 12-pounder field howitzer and the 12-pounder Napoleon (except for solid shot)…. Mountain Howitzer was a mountain gun used by the United States Army during the mid-Nineteenth Century, from 1837 to about 1870. 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