3 Intermediate safety on bermudagrass. for goosegrass; apply 8 to 10 weeks apart. For control of foliar diseases, allow sprayed area to completely dry before irrigation. N.C. Use on bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, centipedegrass, and St Augustinegrass. First signs of damage appear in March and decrease in September as temperatures drop. Applications for Florida betony or Spurweed generally will give control or suppression of the other weeds listed. 105917 Postemergence Control of Carolina Dichondra in Hybrid Bermudagrass. 9, No. Remember, warm-season turfgrasses only need roughly 1 to 1.5 inch of irrigation/precipitation a week during the summer … Do not apply to bentgrass mowed at less than 3/8 inch. Apply after mowing OR allow sprayed area to completely dry before mowing. Answer last updated on: 08/09/2011 Was this answer helpful to you? Make two applications of metsulfuron 60 DF at 1 ounce of product per acre three to four weeks apart. What separates NC State University from other schools? [sulfentrazone + prodiamine], MOA 14 + 3 (4 SC) (Echelon), [thiencarbazone-methyl + iodosulfuron-methyl + dicamba], MOA 14 + 2 + 4 (68 WG) Celsius WG), 2,4-D amine, MOA 4 (4 SL) (various brands), prostrate, spreading; dichondra can creep over a large area, forming a dense mat of vegetation. You could landscape with shade-loving plants like Lenten rose, hosta, and ferns. Description of Dichondra (Dichondra repens): Dichondra is used as an alternative turf type in some cases, but is considered a pest in a grass lawn. and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Celsius WG Herbicide. First, select adapted turfgrass cultivars for your area and then properly fertilize, mow, and water to encourage dense growth. Be sure to obtain current information about usage regulations and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. The same thing that connects it to every corner of North Carolina: NC State Extension. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment regardless of age, color, disability, family and marital status, gender identity, national origin, political beliefs, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation and veteran status. Information available on this site is provided by faculty and staff in the Departments of Crop and Soil Sciences, Entomology and Plant Pathology, and Horticultural Science at NC State University. commitment to diversity. Provides up to 60 days residual control. in height and retains its bright green color in temperatures as low as 25 F. (-3 C.). Dichondra (Dichondra repens) is a perennial ground cover plant (in USDA zones 7-11) that has a somewhat upright, creeping habit with circular leaves. Ferti-lome Weed Free Zone Plus Lawn Fertilizer 18-0-6. can be applied for crabgrass and 2 lb a.i. Ortho Chickweed and Oxalis Killer (8% triclopyr) is a good . The plants grow in warmer climates and can be used as a substitute for grass lawns, ideally in places that get little foot traffic. Or you could do what I’m doing and plant dwarf mondo grass sprigs six inches apart in the shady area. They thrive in weak, thin turf; golf fairways and roughs; home lawns; playfields; and industrial grounds. Products labeled to treat Dichondra; Ferti-lome Weed-Out Lawn Weed Killer with Trimec . They thrive in weak, thin turf; golf fairways and roughs; home lawns; playfields; and industrial grounds. For assistance, contact your local N.C. The kidney-shaped to nearly circular leaves grow alternate to each other, sometimes appearing whorled on the stems. How to Grow Dichondra . It forms mats not over 11⁄2 to 3 inches tall. First, select adapted turfgrass cultivars for your area and then properly fertilize, mow, and water to encourage dense growth. Working hand-in-hand with our partners at N.C. A&T and 101 local governments, we conduct groundbreaking research that addresses real-world issues in communities across the state. Title: Control Options for Troublesome Weeds in Home Lawns Author: RStrahan Created Date: 12/20/2005 8:59:19 PM A&T State University. Dichondra (Dichondra repens) is a perennial, spreading by slender creeping stems that root at the nodes. The white to greenish small flowers are borne in clusters in the leaf axils below the level of the leaf. Individuals who use agricultural chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Principally for control of weedy grasses but will control some broadleaf weeds. Dollarweed is often confused with dichondra. fertilization. Several PRE herbicides provide the highest levels of control if applied at the right time. Some … Cooperative Extension county center. TURFGRASS AND DICHONDRA DISEASE CONTROL 1. St. Augustinegrass or bermudagrass. Apply 30 days prior to seeding bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Do not use on centipedegrass, Lespedeza is often an indicator of insufficient nitrogen . To remove Dichondra from St. Augustine/Bermuda grass, you should use Lontrel. Glyphosate is a nonselective herbicide that is widely used for spot treatments of perennial weeds in turfgrasses. habits and control of certain pests. For control of soil-borne diseases, Banner MAXX II … Our top recommendation for treating dichondra is the use of a three-way herbicide with dicamba such as 2 4-D Amine. USE BANNER MAXX II IN A PREVENTATIVE DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM. choice for homeowners. 4. The dichondra flea beetle has also been found damaging common and hybrid bermudagrass in California. Tank mixing metsulfuron with a three­way . It forms mats not over 11⁄2 to 3 inches tall. N.C. Apply in sufficient water to ensure thorough coverage. Dichondra. Subscribe By Email chevron_right. Find The Best Solution for You What made it so helpful? Initial Carolina dichondra control (2 WAIT) was greatest in response to 4-Speed XT (83%), Triplet (78%), and Surge (72%). Apply maximum 7.4 ounces per acre per season. Irrigate without letting the soil dry out between watering. Individual leaf blades have white linear banding along the length of the leaf blade. Safe to use at high temperatures. The best control against doveweed is a strong PRE herbicide program. commitment to diversity. Read our 2 These products require the addition of 2 teaspoons of a non-ionic surfactant (that is, a wetter-sticker agent to aid in weed control at 0.25% by volume) per gallon of water, such as Hi-Yield Spreader Sticker. Learn More About NC State Extension, We have several topic based e-mail newsletters that are sent out periodically when we have new information to share. Dichondra is cultivated as a ground cover in some states. Plots averaged approximately 60% Carolina dichondra cover at the trial start. It's perennial and spreads by creeping stems that will root aka rhizomes. Dichondra Seed (Dichondra Repens) - Dichondra is a small leafed matting perennial native to the southeastern states, has received considerable attention in recent years as a lawn substitute or ground cover in the South and on the West Coast in the U.S., in Greece, Italy and Spain. Previous research conducted in Florida indicates that reducing irrigation frequency may decrease dollarweed densities. Use on bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, centipedegrass, and St Augustinegrass. surface. Apply in early fall for annual bluegrass control. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Dichondra, Moneywort: The best control of these weeds can be obtained by applying this product in early April followed with a second application in July. Dichondra is often observed growing in thin, weak turfgrass. will be needed. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by NC State University or N.C. A&T State University nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. As application rates for this purpose are relatively low, toxicity to cool-season grasses may be less likely. Learn how to control Dichondra with these easy to use products! Apply 30 days prior to seeding bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Lontrel is a selective herbicide that will not harm your grass, but will kill other weeds like Dichondra. Since dollarweed prefers wet conditions, practice proper irrigation (not too much, not too little, and infrequent rather than every day). Do not apply to dichondra, centipedegrass, putting greens or tees, or to newly seeded areas. NC State University and NC (Optional) Postemergence weed-n-feed mixtures contain 2,4- D, MCPP and dicamba. give best control. Send Explanation, This Extension factsheet can also be viewed at: https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/dichondra. 5. Is it an invasive weed, or an attractive ground cover and hanging basket filler? Dichondra (Dichondra spp. All other treatments resulted in ≤ 33% control 2 WAIT. Perennial broadleaf turf weeds are capable of living more than two years. Symptoms include overall appearance of lack of water or fertilizer burn. Generally speaking, to control warm-season annual weeds, apply a pre-emergence herbicide in early spring (January to March) before the soil temperature has warmed to 55 degrees F. For weeds that tend to sprout throughout the summer, a second application may be required in June or July. These herbicides control broadleaf weeds primarily by foliage absorption. Do not apply to home lawns. Dollarweed has a stem located in the center of the leaf while dichondra’s stem is located at the edge (see image below). Perennial broadleaf turf weeds are capable of living more than two years. herbicide often improves control. Do not apply to growing Bermudagrass. N.C. Use preplant fertilizer with at least 1 pound of actual nitrogen. Two applications about 30 days apart . Safe to use at high temperatures. Proper turf maintenance is the key to control of this weed. They are pervasive in weak and struggling turf, so … COMMENTS: Apply at seeding or on established dichondra; can also be used on bermudagrass, St. Augustinegrass, and tall fescue. Indians. Provides up to 60 days residual control. In some parts of the world, they are considered a weed. North Carolina citizens each year through local centers in the state's 100 counties For a more complete account of turfgrass and dichondra pests the reader is referred to the following articles which have been pub-lished in California Turfgrass Culture: Turfgrass and Dichondra Pests in Southern California (Vol. Metsulfuron (Manor, Blade or Mansion) is a good choice for bahiagrass control in bermudagrass. Find more information at the following NC State Extension websites: Recommendations for the use of agricultural chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. Why not make your life easier and do something in the shady spot that will be attractive and less problematic? Professor and Extension Turfgrass Specialist. 2, April, 1959), Progress Report on the Bermudagrass Mite and the Frit Fly (Vol. Dichondra is also known as lawn leaf or pony foot, Dichondra spreads by under ground runners or stolons. This publication printed on: Dec. 25, 2020, NC NC State Extension is the largest outreach program at NC State University. It is creeping and grows fast. This product is non-selective and will not harm desired grasses, just the dichondra. Cooperative Extension has offices in every county, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research & Extension Center, Vernon G. James Research & Extension Center, Entomology – Insect Biology and Management, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center, Weed Management in Nurseries, Landscapes & Christmas Trees, [sulfentrazone + prodiamine], MOA 14 + 3 (4 SC) (Echelon), [thiencarbazone-methyl + iodosulfuron-methyl + dicamba], MOA 14 + 2 + 4 (68 WG) Celsius WG), 2,4-D amine, MOA 4 (4 SL) (various brands), prostrate, spreading; dichondra can creep over a large area, forming a dense mat of vegetation. Like many plants that are vigorous and happy where they are growing, dichondra can develop invasive qualities in the landscape. Dichondra is a small genus of herbaceous plants in the Convolvulaceae, or morning glory, family of plants. Bert McCarty, Clemson University. Based in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, we reach millions of Stays green in colder weather unlike bermudagrass. A&T State University, in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee This Extension factsheet can also be viewed at: N.C. Funding for this site is provided by the Center for Turfgrass Environmental Research and Education, the Turfgrass Council of North Carolina and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at North Carolina State University. Poster Number 719. Dollarweed leaf on left and dichondra leaf on right. It spreads through seed as well as through stolons (aboveground stems) and can form dense, low-growing mats in turfgrass. Red fescue is not tolerant. The white to greenish small flowers are borne in clusters in the leaf axils below the level of the leaf. You will constantly fight dichondra, moss or creeping Charlie. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. MCPP) control dichondra. 12, No. Ryegrass can be overseeded 2 weeks after application. Low growing. It also produces small and greenish flowers. Dichondra (Dichondra repens) is a perennial, spreading by slender creeping stems that root at the nodes. Will grow in full to partial shade, where bermudagrass cannot sur-vive. J.R. Forst and G. Forst), also known as ponyfoot, is a warm-season, perennial broadleaf weed common throughout Louisiana. Herbicides labeled for seashore paspalum with efficacy for dichondra control include: Vanquish 4L (dicamba) at 0.5 to 1 pint/acre Avenue South (penoxsulam + sulfentrazone + 2,4-D + dicamba) at 3 to 6 pints/acre Trimec Southern (2,4-D + dicamba + MCPP) at 1.5 pints/acre post emergence control of annual bluegrass in dichondra lawns by two applications at intervals of 14 days of diphenamid (6 lb ai/ A), methazole (2 lb ai/A) and DOWCO 453 (0.5 lb may TurfFiles provides turfgrass information to homeowners, students, extension personnel and professional turfgrass managers. Rainfall or irrigation after application will improve weed control activity. It is not usually over 2 inches (5 cm.) 3. 2. Apply maximum 7.4 ounces per acre per season. They produce flowers, but are best known for their small, evergreen, lily pad-shaped leaves. Whether in ornamental beds or turf, proper cultural management that favors desired plant material is the basis of all weed control programs. Plant between May and August. Do not apply to wet turf. Carolina dichondra forms a mat that is between 1-1/2 and 3 inches in height. Want to see which lists are available? Siduron control of common bermudagrass seedlings in cool-season grasses at planting time appears very promis- ing. The control of established bermudagrass without injury … The kidney-shaped to nearly circular leaves grow alternate to each other, sometimes appearing whorled on the stems. Do not treat weeds in bermudagrass if … Ferti-Lome Weed-Out Plus Lawn Fertilizer 25-0-4. Ferti-Lome Pro-Turf Weed-Out Lawn Fertilizer Plus Crabgrass Prev. Hi-Yield Weed and Feed 15-0-10. Spot treatments of nonselective herbicides are the most effective method in controlling bermudagrass. Control weeds by pre-irrigating and cultivating before seeding. Proper turf maintenance is the key to control of this weed. 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