Although certain behavioral or cognitive changes may point to a low sodium level, the only way to confirm that you have low sodium, or hyponatremia, is through blood tests. She is at the point where nothing more can be done to regulate her sodium. Hyponatremia (low blood sodium) is a condition that means you don’t have enough sodium in your blood. 2020 A low sodium level in the blood is called hyponatremia and can be caused by several things. Diabetes Mellitus Dementia Low sodium levels (hyponatremia) occur when there is a below-normal sodium level in the body. When the levels of sodium in the blood go down, you have to face a lot of problems. The elderly are prone to low blood sodium levels. According to “Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests with Nursing Implications,” the normal sodium level in the blood is 135 to 145 milliequivalents per liter of blood. Medication such as diuretics, antidepressants and pain killers. A senior may find that their thirst mechanism is impaired and so is the kidney’s response to an important hormone known as ADH (anti diuretic hormone) which regulates the water output in the urine. Your heart function affects the volume of fluids in your body. Sodium is an essential mineral in the body that is an important component of many processes in the body. Low sodium levels are often seen among the elderly, especially within those who are living in long-term facilities or staying at the hospital for any health-related reason. Regulatory mechanisms help control and maintain sodium levels. Did you know? The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse and Age, race and diet are certain factors which affect one’s chance of getting hyponatremia. Because age-related changes and chronic diseases are often associated with impairment of water metabolism in elderly patients, it is absolutely essential for clinicians to be aware of the pathophysiology of hyponatremia and hypernatremia in the elderly. Brain Problems Leaf Group Ltd. Nutrition. Heart Disease Hyponatremia is a condition where sodium levels in the blood are lower than normal. any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. It is important that the elderly or caregivers do NOT stop medication. Do you think obesity is considered a health threat among the senior population? Symptoms of low sodium can develop rapidly once your sodium levels drop. The major cause of increase in the incidence of diabetes is a sedentary lifestyle. Monitoring your fluid intake and your cognitive status are important aspects of your care. Endocrine diseases affecting the thyroid and adrenal glands. diagnosis or treatment. Most cases of prolonged hyponatremia in the elderly are related to medication. Copyright © Mild symptoms include a decreased ability to think, headaches, nausea, and poor balance. Changes in the way your body processes water can affect your balance of fluids and electrolytes as you age. Headaches caused by the buildup of fluid in your brain tissues are a common symptom of hyponatremia. Hyponatremia is a low sodium concentration in the blood. Without it, the normal water levels in the body cannot be maintained and nerve and muscle function would be severely compromised. Symptoms of low sodium may not appear until your blood sodium level has fallen to a dangerous point, according to an article in the June 15, 2000 issue of "American Family Physician." person on 120 mg furosemide bd Dr. Budi Bahureksa answered 30 years experience Cardiology Volume: the sodium level is a paradoxic gauge for your volume status. Get the latest and accurate info on senior health, Skin Cancer (Malignant Tumors) in the Elderly. Consult your doctor for a complete medical evaluation if you've had recent changes in your mental status, energy levels, nerve function or thirst. Skin Problems Health issues arising from extremely low sodium levels may be fatal. Her last visit to the hospital her sodium level went 129. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor use in the elderly population is associated with the development of hyponatremia. Taking diuretics, pain medication, antidepressants or other prescription drugs may also alter your fluid balance. Exercise With age this regulation is affected. The treatment of dehydration includes the administration of fluids, either orally or intravenously. If you've been sick or have had reactions to medications that caused vomiting or diarrhea, you may have lost sodium as a result. The brain can swell quickly when sodium levels drop too low. Seniors should have less sodium because they are more likely to have medical problems like kidney disease or diabetes that limit their body's ability to keep sodium levels balanced. Test Results. Water and sodium levels are closely related regulated together. This is controlled along with the water levels in the body fluids by increasing water intake with stimulation of thirst and regulating the water excretion through the urine. Privacy Policy The condition is known as hyponatremia. For example, hormones involved include antidiuretic hormone and cortisol, and organs involved include the brain and kidneys. Sodium chloride is known commonly as table salt. Irritable Bowel Syndrome Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the Both of these amounts are less than the 1.5 grams of sodium adults between 19 and 50 years old can consume. 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